My house is a 1960s build and has no gables, every exterior wall has a roof slope to it.
In the kitchen, most rafters are North-South, with the East end being angled down until it meets the garage. West leads to the rest of the house, continuing North-South rafters. Joists are 2×6 at 13’7", running East-West.
The [EDIT: single] Southernmost joist, however, is a 2×4 that only runs to a short (32" from outside wall) dividing wall that was at the end of the counter/soffit. Inside the soffit every-other rafter is tied to the full joist 32" from the exterior wall, to provide support for the over-sink soffit. ("Tied" being "nailed to the side of the rafter, possibly the top plate, then end-nailed into through the joist.")
I removed the soffits and the dividing wall, and found out the hard way about the short joist. It’s roughly 6" from the first of the perpendicular supports for the former soffit. I have 4 solid 8′ 2x4s from the dividing wall I can use to add new structure.
Is there a way to tie the short joist into the next perpendicular support without tearing out the ceiling and replacing it wholesale? My initial thought was use screws to laminate 2 12" boards and a 6" board as an extender to reach the support. Second thought was to use a 2×4 the same way the soffit supports were built, from external wall across the end of the joist, and then nail to the 2×6 joist.
This and a little electrical work are the last bits I have before inspection, so I’m hoping for the miracle of fast, easy, cheap, and right.
Update: For now, I’m using a stud from the wall I removed to replace this 2×4 joist and hang it to the 2×4 soffit support with a joist hanger, then using joist hangers to continue it through where the soffit was for drywall support.
Second Update: I removed the "floating" joist, it was held in on either end by only 1 toenail each, with a small 2×2 block to keep it in place while toenailing on the full wall, and came out very easily. I’m convinced at this point it was just there to hold up the rock lath, as it had no lateral or upwards hold, just enough tack to keep it from "walking".